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:: Volume 5, Issue 4 (9-2018) ::
jehe 2018, 5(4): 345-358 Back to browse issues page
Tanning Wastewater Pre-Treatment Using Electrocoagulation Process
Leila Davarpanah , Soma Taherian , Elham Abdollahzadeh sharghi
Assistant Professor, Research Department of Energy, Institute of Materials and Energy, Karaj, Iran
Abstract:   (34 Views)
Background: The leather industry is one of the most polluting industries in the country (Iran), which annually produces several hundred tons of industrial sewage. Electrocoagulation is one of the purification methods for this wastewater. This research aimed to remove COD and turbidity from real wastewater originating from one of the leather tanning units in Charmshahr industrial park with use of electrocoagulation process.
Method: The research was conducted in laboratory scale in a 480-millimeter EC reactor. The wastewater was collected from a leather tanning unit. The main variables considered were current intensity (1.5, 2.5, 3.5 and 5 A), retention time (5, 10, 15 and 30min), initial pH (5, 6 and 8.6) and electrode material (i.e., iron, aluminum, and steel).
Results: The optimum conditions in the electrocoagulation process to achieve the maximum removal efficiency for COD equal to 63.57% were obtained in an experiment with time of 5 minutes, the current density of 23.5% mA/cm2, pH=8.62 and 2 steel electrodes. Also, in an experiment with time of 30 minutes, the current density of 23.5 mA/cm2, pH=8.62 and 4 electrodes, the removal rate of 62.88% was obtained.
Conclusions: The results of the present study showed that the electrocoagulation can be an effective method for tannery wastewater pre-treatment and the optimum conditions can be obtained using aluminum electrodes, time of 5 minutes, the current density of 7 mA/cm2 and pH of 8.62.
 
Keywords: Electrocoagulation, Tannery wastewater, COD, Iron, aluminum and steel electrodes, Turbidity
Full-Text [PDF 394 kb]   (21 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/10/2 | Accepted: 2018/10/2 | Published: 2018/10/2
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Davarpanah L, Taherian S, Abdollahzadeh sharghi E. Tanning Wastewater Pre-Treatment Using Electrocoagulation Process. jehe. 2018; 5 (4) :345-358
URL: http://jehe.abzums.ac.ir/article-1-544-en.html


Volume 5, Issue 4 (9-2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله مهندسی بهداشت محیط Journal of Environmental Health Enginering
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