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:: Volume 6, Issue 1 (12-2018) ::
jehe 2018, 6(1): 99-110 Back to browse issues page
Investigation of Coagulation and Flocculation Process in Chemical Pre-Treatment of Livestock Wastewater
Elham Abdollahzadeh Sharghi , Faeze Yadegari , Leila Davarpanah
Environmental Group, Energy Department, Materials and Energy Research Center, MeshkinDasht, Karaj, Iran
Abstract:   (159 Views)
Background: Development of communities, population growth, and enhancement of the health
indicators has led to a significant increase in dairy and meat consumption, and consequential growth in
the livestock industry. As the result, the environmental problems which cause by such industrial
wastewater has increased. Livestock wastewater considered as a very non-biodegradable and polluted
wastewater. In this study, the performance of livestock wastewater pre-treatment, by using coagulation
and flocculation method, in order to reduce the pollutants concentration and improve wastewater
properties were investigated.
Methods: In the experimental methods, the Jar test unit was used as a batch reactor; FeCl3, PAC, and
Alum as coagulants; and two polyelectrolytes: Zetafloc and Megafloc as cationic and anionic
flocculants. The effects of coagulant dosage and type, flocculant type, and pH on the removal of
COD and turbidity from wastewater were investigated in three stages. The wastewater with initial
COD and turbidity of 12250 mg/L and 7125 NTU, respectively, was collected from a livestock unit.
Results: The optimum conditions in the coagulation and flocculation process to achieve the
maximum removal efficiency for COD (29.6%) and turbidity (52.8%) were obtained in an experiment
with FeCl3 at a concentration of 400 mg/L, pH=8, and using an anionic flocculant.
Conclusion: The results of the present study showed that the coagulation and flocculation process
can be an effective method for livestock wastewater pre-treatment.
Keywords: Livestock Wastewater, physicochemical Treatment, Coagulation and Flocculation, COD, Turbidity
Full-Text [PDF 327 kb]   (50 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/12/30 | Accepted: 2018/12/30 | Published: 2018/12/30
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Abdollahzadeh Sharghi E, Yadegari F, Davarpanah L. Investigation of Coagulation and Flocculation Process in Chemical Pre-Treatment of Livestock Wastewater. jehe. 2018; 6 (1) :99-110
URL: http://jehe.abzums.ac.ir/article-1-580-en.html


Volume 6, Issue 1 (12-2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله مهندسی بهداشت محیط Journal of Environmental Health Enginering
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