:: Volume 6, Issue 1 (12-2018) ::
jehe 2018, 6(1): 1-15 Back to browse issues page
Environmental Impacts Assessment of the Transformation of Municipal Solid Waste Process of Tabriz City
Saeed Lak, Morteza Alighadri , Kourosh Rahmani, Mohammad Hasan Sarbazan
Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
Abstract:   (1488 Views)
Background & Objectives: Waste processing is one of the most important elements responsible for
Municipal Solid Waste (MSW). The present study aimed to investigate the characteristics of Tabriz
urban solid waste and, finally, assess the environmental impacts of proposed scenarios for the
management of MSW in Tabriz in 2017.
Methods: In this descriptive study, the required data were collected from field observations,
collecting library data, physical analysis with 4 sampling steps in 4 seasons in accordance with ASTM
standard method. 4 scenarios (energy generation and composting, energy generation, composting,
current status) were proposed and environmental impact assessment of proposed scenarios with
Iranian leopold matrix.
Results: An average of 1438 tons per day of MSW is collected from the city of Tabriz and the average
per capita waste production for this city is 0.804 kg per person per day.. The average thermal energy
generated from the total waste of Tabriz city is 7965 Kj/Kg. The results of the evaluation using the
Leopold matrix showed that Scenario 1 (energy generation and composting) with a score of 171 was
considered as the best scenario and scenario 4 (current status) with 212 points was the worst
management scenario.
Conclusion: In the present situation, planning and adopting appropriate measures to reduce negative
environmental impacts, composing and energy generation can be appropriate for the management of
MSW in Tabriz.
Keywords: Environmental impact assessment, Leopold Matrix, Municipal solid waste, Tabriz
Full-Text [PDF 477 kb]   (672 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/12/29 | Accepted: 2018/12/29 | Published: 2018/12/29



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