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:: Volume 8, Issue 2 (2-2021) ::
jehe 2021, 8(2): 130-141 Back to browse issues page
Kinetic and equilibrium models for Adsorption of 2,4 DNP compound on chemically modified waste sludge
Hadi Niknejad, Ali Esrafili, Majid Kermani, Mahdi Farzadkia *
Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (288 Views)
The contamination of water by organic pollutant viz. 2,4 DNP compound is recognized as most common environmental concern due to their highly toxic nature, worldwide. Adsorption has attracted much attention as a new technique to remove these contaminants from water and wastewater. The purpose of this study was to introduce an inexpensive adsorbent, dried waste sludge, for removal of 2,4 DNP compound.
Material & Methods: At first, sludge was dried at temperature 60 °C. Next, CaCl2 was used to improve adsorption capacity. The removal efficiency of 2,4 dinitrophenol were determined by HPLC at wavelength of 360 nm. In addition, the effects of influencing factors including pH, initial pollutant concentration, contact time, and adsorbent dose were examined. The equilibrium binding were described by Langmuir or Freundlich isotherms and kinetic models.
Results: The results obtained from adsorption process indicated that was 60 min is the equilibrium time. The optimum pH for adsorption for both adsorbents was found to be 7. The optimum concentration of 2,4-DNP was found to be 10 ppm. The results obtained from the present research showed that the removal of the contaminant using modified sludge sorbent was increased from 40.4% to 77.9% when dosage increased from 0.1 to 1.5 g. Equilibrium adsorption data for 2,4 DNP were fitted by using Langmuir, Freundlich and Freundlich adsorption isotherms model, respectively. Also it has been found that adsorption kinetics can be described according to the Pseudo-second order model.
Conclusion: According to results, chemically modified waste sludge showed reasonable adsorption capacity. Therefore, it and can be used as a native alternative to 2,4 DNP compound removal from aqueous environments.
Keywords: Waste Sludge, 2, 4 DNP Compound, Adsorption, Isotherms, Kinetics
Full-Text [PDF 1040 kb]   (128 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/10/11 | Accepted: 2021/01/19 | Published: 2021/04/26
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Niknejad H, Esrafili A, Kermani M, Farzadkia M. Kinetic and equilibrium models for Adsorption of 2,4 DNP compound on chemically modified waste sludge. jehe. 2021; 8 (2) :130-141
URL: http://jehe.abzums.ac.ir/article-1-831-en.html


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Volume 8, Issue 2 (2-2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله مهندسی بهداشت محیط Journal of Environmental Health Enginering
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