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:: Volume 11, Issue 2 (2-2024) ::
jehe 2024, 11(2): 239-255 Back to browse issues page
Optimization of advanced sonoelectrochemical oxidation process with graphene-graphene electrode in improving the quality of Parand city wastewater treatment plant
Parviz Abdi , Kobra Vardijkazemi , Arezo Nejaei , Afshin Takdastan *
Environmental Technologies Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Abstract:   (196 Views)
Background: The presence of emerging-resistant contaminants in wastewater poses challenges to the efficacy of the biological treatment process. Advanced oxidation processes show great potential for enhancing the quality of wastewater. The aim of this study was to enhance the efficacy of the effluent from the Parand City treatment plant through the optimization of the sonoelectrochemical process.
Methods: Pilot used 500 cc sonoelectrochemical reactor with direct current generator, ultrasonic, and graphene electrodes. To determine pH (4–8), direct electric current (50–100 mA), reaction time (60–120 min), and frequency (30–50 kHz), the central composite design was used. We looked at the process pace, energy utilization, waste physical and chemical qualities, and overall impact. The purification parameters were obtained using water and wastewater testing methods.
Results: The P-value and F-value indicate the selected model was significant. The best process conditions to use are a pH of 6.5, an electric current intensity of 82.8 mA, a reaction time of 113 min, and a frequency of 35 kHz. Under these conditions, the removal of COD, TOC, BOD5, nitrogen, and phosphorus was 81%, 69%, 93.2%, 96%, and 94.7%, respectively. The kinetics of the process follow first-order kinetics, and the synergistic effect coefficient was 1.62. The energy efficiency was determined to be 98.07 mg/kWh.
Conclusion: The utilization of the sonoelectrochemical process can be employed as a sophisticated method for treatment. However, it is imperative to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the process's efficacy by utilizing raw wastewater samples.
Keywords: Sonoelectrochemical process, Chemical Oxygen Demand, Biochemical Oxygen Demand, Total Organic Carbon, Wastewater Treatment
Full-Text [PDF 1487 kb]   (75 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2023/11/30 | Accepted: 2024/04/7 | Published: 2024/05/28
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Abdi P, Vardijkazemi K, Nejaei A, Takdastan A. Optimization of advanced sonoelectrochemical oxidation process with graphene-graphene electrode in improving the quality of Parand city wastewater treatment plant. jehe 2024; 11 (2) :239-255
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