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:: Volume 3, Issue 1 (12-2015) ::
jehe 2015, 3(1): 1-9 Back to browse issues page
Identification and Classification of Risks and Potential Events by using Preliminary Hazard Analysis Method (PHA) in Kermanshah Oil Refinery
Hojatollah Kakaei *, Reza Jafari Nodoushan, Maede Kamalvandi, Parvin Azad, Parvin Normohammadi, Zahra Kakaei
Abstract:   (5418 Views)

Background: humans are always trying to improve the lives and comfort, and in this way with the acquisition of materials, equipment, devices and technology as well as the additional and new risks exposure. Identification of these risks could have a role in reducing complications. PHA method implementation can help to identify and classify the risks and the events.

Method: This cross - sectional study was conducted in Kermanshah Oil Refinery. The most important tools used in the study preliminary risk analysis, is risk checklist. In this regard, valuable resources are identified and listed, and then the acceptable risk levels and the scope of the assessment were defined. In the next phase, the system hazards were identification, and levels and numbers of risks were calculated.

Results: This study examined 23 refinery units, and a total of 447 risks were identified. The results showed that unacceptable risk levels with 6.4% and the adverse risk levels with 49.22% was lowest and highest risk percent, respectively. The highest number of risk associated with the refining unit with 81 and the lowest was in the Electrical warehouse unit with 2 cases.

Conclusion: The results of this study showed that were the most of risks identified in the adverse levels. To reduce risk level and improve safety, the use of appropriate methods and corrective measures to eliminate, reduce or control risks is essential.

Keywords: Risk Assessment, PHA, Oil Refinery, Kermanshah
Full-Text [PDF 594 kb]   (3133 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/03/7 | Accepted: 2016/03/7 | Published: 2016/03/7
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Kakaei H, Jafari Nodoushan R, Kamalvandi M, Azad P, Normohammadi P, Kakaei Z. Identification and Classification of Risks and Potential Events by using Preliminary Hazard Analysis Method (PHA) in Kermanshah Oil Refinery. jehe. 2015; 3 (1) :1-9
URL: http://jehe.abzums.ac.ir/article-1-196-en.html

Volume 3, Issue 1 (12-2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله مهندسی بهداشت محیط Journal of Environmental Health Enginering
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