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:: دوره 9، شماره 3 - ( 3-1401 ) ::
جلد 9 شماره 3 صفحات 312-295 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
بررسی اثربخشی گندزداهای مختلف درحذف ویروس کرونا: مطالعه مروری
مریم نوری گوشکی ، مجید نوذری*
گروه مهندسی بهداشت محیط، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کرمان، کرمان، ایران
چکیده:   (1050 مشاهده)
زمینه و هدف: عفونت های ویروسی باعث ایجاد بیماری های مختلف و مرگ و میر در سرتاسر جهان شدند. در سالیان اخیر، ظهور ویروس کرونا باعث عفونت‌های شدید دستگاه تنفسی و منجر به یک نگرانی جهانی شده است. هدف از مطالعه حاضر، بررسی اثربخشی گندزداهای مختلفی است که جهت کنترل ویروس کرونا مورد استفاده قرار گرفته اند.
مواد و روش ها: مطالعه حاضر یک مطالعه مروری نظامند است. جمع آوری داده‌ها از طریق جستجوی مقالات در پایگاه های اطلاعاتی شاملSpringer ،Google Scholar ، Prospero، Cochrane، ISI،Scopus ،Embase ،PubMed  وDOAJ  بود. پس از جستجو و جمع آوری مقالات مرتبط با هدف، مقالات دسته بندی گردید. داده های مورد نیاز استخراج شد و در نهایت مورد تجزیه و تحلیـل قرار گرفت.
یافته ها: بررسی مطالعات مختلف نشان داد که ویروس کرونا میتواند تا ۹ روز بـر روی سـطوح بی‌جان، عفونت زا باقی بماند. همچنین چند مطالعه وجود ویروس کرونا را در مدفوع گزارش نموده بودند. یافته های مستخرج از مقالات آشکار نمود که عفونت زایی ویروس کرونا روی سطوح توسط اتانول۷۱-۶۲ درصد، پراکسید هیدروژن 5/0 درصد و هیپوکلریت سدیم 1/0 درصد در عرض ۱ دقیقه کاهش می‌یابد. همچنین، ویروس کرونا در فاضلاب سپتیک تانک توسط۸۰۰ تا ۶۷۰۰ گرم بر مترمکعب هیپوکلریت سدیم در زمان تماس ۵/۱ ساعت غیرفعال می‌شود. علاوه بر این، ویروس کرونا در آئروسل های هوا تحت اشعه UVC در عرض ۴ تا ۹ ثانیه به میزان  log۵ کاهش می‌یابد.
 نتیجه گیری: داروها و واکسن های مؤثری برای بیماری کووید-19 تا به امروز ساخته شدند. با این وجود، به دلیل جهش‌های غیرمنتظره ویروس کرونا، شناسایی گندزداهای مؤثر برحذف سویه های مختلف ویروس کرونا از سطوح و محیط های مختلف می‌تواند اقـدام مناسبی بـرای پیشـگیری و جلـوگیری از انتشـار بیماری کووید-19 باشد.
 
واژه‌های کلیدی: گندزداها، گندزدایی، ویروس کرونا، کووید-19، فاضلاب، نانوذرات فلزی
متن کامل [PDF 452 kb]   (636 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي
دریافت: 1401/5/4 | پذیرش: 1401/6/26 | انتشار: 1401/6/30
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Nouri Goushki M, Nozari M. Investigating the Effectiveness of Different Disinfectants in Removing the Coronavirus: A Review Study. jehe 2022; 9 (3) :295-312
URL: http://jehe.abzums.ac.ir/article-1-939-fa.html

نوری گوشکی مریم، نوذری مجید. بررسی اثربخشی گندزداهای مختلف درحذف ویروس کرونا: مطالعه مروری. مجله مهندسی بهداشت محیط. 1401; 9 (3) :295-312

URL: http://jehe.abzums.ac.ir/article-1-939-fa.html



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