[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Accepted articles :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Home::
Journal Information::
Articles archive::
For Authors::
For Reviewers::
Registration::
Contact us::
Site Facilities::
Indexing::
Open Access Policy::
::
Search in website

Advanced Search
..
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
..
:: Volume 11, Issue 2 (2-2024) ::
jehe 2024, 11(2): 228-238 Back to browse issues page
Investigation of water and wastewater management in small businesses in Qom city with a focus on drought and environmental threats caused by water scarcity
Akbar Eskandari , Mohammad Darvishmotevalli , Samira Bahrami Vale , Mohammad Fahiminia *
Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
Abstract:   (300 Views)
Background: Currently, in order to adapt to the existing water crisis in the country and ensure sustainable water supply and distribution management, the implementation of proper management methods based on sustainability principles is one of the most fundamental needs. This study was conducted with the aim of investigating water and wastewater management in small businesses in Qom city with the perspective of drought and environmental threats caused by water shortage in 2021.
Methods: The present research is a descriptive-cross-sectional study that was conducted after field survey and statistics obtained from the Water and Wastewater Department on 223 trades related to 67 guilds in the city of Qom. The amount of water consumption, wastewater production, and the management of water and wastewater in businesses were studied with a focus on drought and environmental threats resulting from water scarcity, and the results were reported descriptively.
Results: Considering the amount of water consumption, businesses were classified into four categories. It was determined that businesses in category one, 96.82% of businesses with an average consumption of 246.2 ± 574.2, category two businesses, 17.47% with an average of 6142.3 ± 2823.19, category three businesses, 36.4% with an average of 121.2 ± 5.40, and category four businesses, 83.5% with an average water consumption of 821.215 ± 28.355 cubic meters per month, were in terms of efficiency, respectively, in businesses from one to four, 08.61, 25.56, 33.33, and 46.38% of businesses lacked a specific plan for water conservation
Conclusion: The results show that the management of water and wastewater in businesses in the city of Qom does not have favorable conditions. Considering the decrease in rainfall and drought, it seems that the issue of water supply may be the biggest challenge in this city. Most of the businesses under study lack a specific plan for water conservation, and water resource managers should make decisions regarding compensating for water scarcity and preventing water quality degradation while accurately estimating and evaluating water resources and consumption.

Keywords: Water and Wastewater Management, Drought, Small Businesses, Qom City
Full-Text [PDF 761 kb]   (99 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2024/04/24 | Accepted: 2024/05/8 | Published: 2024/05/28
References
1. 1. Jahangir, M. H.; Khoshmashraban, M.; Yousefi, H. Drought monitoring with Standard Precipitation Index (SPI) and drought forecasting with Multi-layers perceptron (Case study: Tehran and Alborz Provinces). 2016, 2 (4), 417-428(in Persian).
2. World Disasters Report 2014 - publications and reports-data; Available from: http://www.ifrc.org/en/publications-andreports/world-disasters-report/world-disastersreport-2014/world-disasters-report-2014---data/.
3. Bazi, K.; khosravy, S.; javadi, M.; Nejad, M. H. Water crisis in the Middle East (challenges and solutions). Proceedings of the Fourth International Congress of Geographers of the Islamic World 2010, 1-15 (in Persian).
4. Bostani, A.; Ansari, H. Investigating consumption approach in urban water demand management. Journal of Agricultural Engineering and Natural Resources Engineering 2012, 9 (33), 48-52 (in Persian).
5. Ashourei, A.; Ahadi, A. Implementation of GIS and its application in management and decision-making in water and waste water companies. Journal of Water and Sustainable Development 2016, 2 (2), 1-8(in Persian).
6. Fatehi Marj, A.; Hydarian, S. A. Climatolgical, Hydrological and Agricultural Drought investigation using Geographic Information System in Ghozestan province, Iran. Iran-Watershed Management Science & Engineering 2014, 7 (23), 19-32)(in Persian).
7. Salvitabar, A.; Zarghami, M.; Abrishamchi, A. System dynamic model in Tehran urban water management. Water Wastewater J 2006, 17 (3), 12-28(in Persian).
8. Abdolghafoorian, A.; Tajrishy, M.; Abrishamchi, A. Urban water management considering reclaimed wastewater and runoff as a new water resource for city of Tehran, Iran. J. of Water and Wastewater 2011, 84, 29-42 (in Persian).
9. Rees, J. A. Risk and integrated water management; Global Water Partnership, 2002.
10. Monavari, M.; Malmasi, S.; Arjmandi, R.; Samadi Tari, Z. To evaluate the environmental impacts of industrial development in the city of Shahriar. Journal of Environmental Sciences and Technology 2008, 10 (2), 63-73(in Persian).
11. Taghvaie, M.; Shaykh Bayglou, R.; Eshagh Davatgar, L. Analysis of pollutions resulted from jobs in isfahan. Journal of Environmental Studies 2011, 36 (56), 111-122(in Persian).
12. Changani, F.; Asadi, A.; Haghighat, G. A.; Mahvi, A. H. Characterization of Carpet Cleaning Wastewater in Tehran, Iran. Iranian Journal of Health & Environment 2012, 5 (2), 99-106(in Persian).
13. Javid, A.; Hassani, A.; Gahvareband, S. Investigation on quality and quantity of food industrial wastewaters and its effect on the wastewater system operation (case study: Minoo industrial company-khorramdarreh. Journal of Environmental Sciences and Technology 2015, 17 (1), 39-47(in Persian).
14. Farzadkia, M.; Karimaee, M.; Nabizadeh, R.; Kalantary, R.; Gohari, M.; Karami, M. Environmental ranking of industries located at west of Tehran based on the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of industrial wastewaters in 2011. Iran Occupational Health 2013, 9 (4), 13-23(in Persian).
15. Hagigi, M.; Niri , A. Review of environmental factors on small business marketing plan Iran. Knowledge management 1996, (33and34), (in Persian).
16. Irannjhad MH, B. H., Bageri H, Naini MR, Srezai A, Atahi MM, et al. Evaluation of the quality and quantity of green space the city of Qom and solutions to achieve optimal situation. The third national conference on green space and urban landscape The National Conference of green space and urban landscape. 2008(in Persian).
17. Ganadi, M. Replacing the "water quality engineering" management model with "water health" is a way to supply and distribute drinking water. Congress of Iranian Water and Wastewater Engineering Sciences 2017, 1-10 (in Persian).
18. Yazdandoost, F.; Noruzi, M. M. Role of Non-Conventional Waters in Arid Regions from an Integrated Water Resources Management Perspective. Irrigation and Water Engineering 2020, 10 (3), 127-141(in Persian).
19. Bazdar, M.; Godini, H.; Tarrahi, M. J.; Zare, S.; Yarahmadi, M.; Mohammadian Zafarabadi, J.; Ahmadifard, T. Investigating the impact of training on water consumption saving in Khorramabad in 2015. Journal of Environmental Health Enginering 2016, 4 (1), 1-9(in Persian). [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.jehe.4.1.1]
20. Maleki Nasab, A.; Abrishamchi, A.; Tajrishy, M. Assessment of Residential Water Conservation due to Using Low-Flow Fixtures. Journal of Water and Wastewater; Ab va Fazilab ( in persian ) 2007, 18 (2), 2-11(in Persian).
21. Shayegan, J.; Afshari, A. The treatment situation of municipal and industrial wastewater in Iran. J. Water and Wastewater 49: 58-69. Farsi: 2004; pp 58-69 (in Persian).
22. Velayati, S.; Rassouli, M. B.; Fashaee, M.; Zeynali, M.; Samiee Deloee, M. The Determination of Water Usage of Watering Coolers in Shadow and Sunshine. Iran-Water Resources Research 2011, 7 (3), 85-88 (in Persian).
23. Changani, F.; Asadi, A.; Haghighat, G. A.; Mahvi, A. H. Characterization of Carpet Cleaning Wastewater in Tehran, Iran. Iranian Journal of Health & Environment 2012, 5 (2), 99-106 (Persian).
24. TAKDASTAN, A.; AZIMI, A.; SALARI, Z. The use of electrocoagulation process for removal of turbidity, COD, detergent and phosphorus from carwash effluent. Journal of Water & Wastewater 2011, 3 (22), 19-25(in Persian).
25. Fahiminia, M.; Sadeghi, H.; Bakhtiari, H. Survey of wastewater management status in urban areas In Iran. Journal of Health 2011, 2 (3), 40-47 (in Persian).
26. Farrokhi, M.; Hajrasoliha, M.; Meemari, G.; Fahiminia, M.; Talebi, M.; Kohansal, M. The creation of management systems for funding priorities in wastewater project in rural communities in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Water Science & Technology 2008, 58 (6), 1181-1186 (in Persian). [DOI:10.2166/wst.2008.347] [PMID]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Eskandari A, Darvishmotevalli M, Bahrami Vale S, Fahiminia M. Investigation of water and wastewater management in small businesses in Qom city with a focus on drought and environmental threats caused by water scarcity. jehe 2024; 11 (2) :228-238
URL: http://jehe.abzums.ac.ir/article-1-1039-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 11, Issue 2 (2-2024) Back to browse issues page
مجله مهندسی بهداشت محیط Journal of Environmental Health Enginering
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.04 seconds with 37 queries by YEKTAWEB 4657